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Hydrogen Analysis Technologies

Novatech - J.C Arènes - VP Sales & Service

Written by J.C. Arènes
VP Sales & Service
Jan 2, 2024

Canada is boldly paving its way towards a net-zero greenhouse gas future by 2050, with a strong focus on clean hydrogen. As one of the top 10 hydrogen producers globally, Canada is uniquely positioned to become a leading exporter of hydrogen and its innovative technologies. The country embraces various production methods such as steam-methane reforming, biomass and coal gasification, and electrolysis. Canada's move into the hydrogen economy highlights its environmental commitment and underscores its role as a trailblazer in clean energy technology.

What you’ll learn:

 

  1. Canada’s Commitment to Net-Zero Emissions: Insights into Canada’s ambitious plans to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 through an increased reliance on clean hydrogen.

  2. Hydrogen Production Methods: Overview of various hydrogen production techniques, including steam-methane reforming, biomass and coal gasification, and electrolysis.

  3. Canada’s Role in the Hydrogen Economy: Understanding Canada’s position as a top hydrogen producer and potential as a major exporter of hydrogen and related technologies.

  4. Innovations in Hydrogen AnalysisLearn about advanced hydrogen analysis technologies such as Solid State Analyzers, Thermal Conductivity Analyzers, Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy, and more.

Like many nations, Canada has laid out ambitious plans to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, a goal that will undoubtedly rely on an increased reliance on clean hydrogen. While the world endeavours to move away from hydrocarbon fuel sources, the demand for hydrocarbons as building blocks for plastics and other materials remains, thus further compelling us to preserve this finite resource. 

Already one of the top 10 hydrogen-producing nations in the world today[1], Canada is poised to benefit from its rich feedstocks and strong energy sector to become a major exporter of hydrogen and hydrogen technologies. Various processes exist already for the production of hydrogen, such as.

  • Steam-methane reforming
  • Biomass and coal gasification
  • Electrolysis

Such is the interest in the new hydrogen economy and industry that there are now dedicated groups like the Canadian Hydrogen Working Group[2] and Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association[3] on social media platforms like LinkedIn.

Solid State Analyzers

Solid-state detectors take advantage of the hydrogen molecule’s tiny physical size to perform its measurement. Hydrogen molecules can easily migrate into the spaces within a Palladium-Nickel sensor matrix and impart changes to its electrical properties. The change in capacitance or resistance of the matrix can be correlated to a hydrogen concentration in a gas mixture. However, there are some limitations in terms of physical conditions (temperature & pressure) and the sample’s composition.

Thermal Conductivity Analyzers

Thermal conductivity is a measure of a material’s ability to conduct heat. The thermal conductivity of hydrogen is significantly higher than any other gas, allowing us to use this physical property in its analysis. Measuring the thermal conductivity of a gas mixture can be used to ascertain its composition, though this technique is best applied to binary mixtures containing gases with dissimilar thermal conductivities.

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Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy

It is well understood that the amount of energy absorbed by a gas at specific wavelengths (commonly in the infrared or ultraviolet spectrum) can be used as a technique to ascertain that gas’ concentration (according to the Beer-Lambert Law). The challenge with traditional photometers has always been in finding regions of the spectrum where interference from other gases in the mixture can be avoided (or minimized). Rather than using precision optical filters to manage the energy being monitored, tunable diode laser gas analyzers control the wavelength of the energy being created instead. This advanced technology has opened the possibility of measuring hydrogen gas concentration using infrared absorption spectroscopy. TDL absorption spectroscopy analyzers (TDLAS) also benefit from sometimes being suitable for installation directly on a process line or vessel without needing an extractive sample system.

Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy

A variation on TDLAS technology, Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy (CRDS), uses high-precision reflective sample cells to achieve optical path lengths hundreds of kilometers in length. As per the aforementioned Beer-Lambert law, this allows for measurements at very low concentrations (often, parts per trillion). The time required for the energy of interest to decay as it travels hundreds of kilometers in the sample gas is a function of the component of interest’s concentration. In the case of hydrogen analysis in CRDS, the gas is first dried and then passes through a catalytic conversion module, which changes the hydrogen molecules into easily measured water molecules.

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Are you leveraging the power of Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy? Discover how this advanced technique can benefit your research.

Gas Chromatography

With the ability to physically separate complex gas mixtures into the components of interest, gas chromatographs (GC) are incredibly powerful analytical tools. In the case of hydrogen, once separated from the sample by the GC’s columns, its concentration can be measured by a simple thermal conductivity detector. The detector compares the thermal conductivity of the sample component with that of the constantly flowing carrier gas. GCs can be designed to measure multiple gas sample components, making them a popular choice in the chemical processing industry.

Mass Spectroscopy

Like the process gas chromatograph, a mass spectrometer performs a separation of the sample components in order to measure each individually. The sample is first ionized in a strong electrical field, and then the ions can be measured individually according to their mass/charge ratio. The software can then analyze the signals from the various mass/charge values and provide an analysis of the component concentrations. Mass spectrometers are often chosen in applications where their speed of response (usually only a few seconds) can be beneficial.

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Don’t get left behind in hydrogen technology – See how our solutions are driving the future, just like they did for many of our customers. 

Navigating the complex landscape of analytical techniques can be challenging, given the diverse array of analyzers available for specific applications. Each method has its advantages and challenges, influenced by factors to consider, including the process conditions under which the analyzer will operate, the environmental setting for the installation, specific analytical requirements, and, importantly, budgetary constraints.

For a more tailored approach and in-depth conversations about how these factors align with your unique requirements and the diverse range of hydrogen analysis technologies, our technical sales representatives would be more than happy to assist you. They are committed to delivering expert insights and clear guidance, ensuring you effortlessly identify the most effective and efficient solutions for your specific needs. At Novatech, we focus on providing the ideal fit for your requirements with professional expertise and efficiency.

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Novatech - J.C Arènes - VP Sales & Service

Written by J.C. Arènes
VP Sales & Service
Write to me at arenesjc@novatech.ca

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